Article 1 - Composition of teams
Petanque is a sport in which:
- 3 players play against 3 players (triples).
It can also be played by:
- 2 players against 2 players (doubles).
- 1 player against 1 player (singles).
In triples, each player uses 2 boules.
In doubles and singles, each player uses 3 boules.
No other formula is allowed.


Article 2 - Characteristics of approved boules
Petanque is played with boules approved by the F.I.P.J.P. and which conform to the following
criteria.
I) To be made of metal.
2) To have a diameter between 7.05cm (minimum) and 8cm (maximum).
3) To have a weight of between 650 grams (minimum) and 800 grams (maximum). The
trademark of the manufacturer and the weight must be engraved on the boules and must
always be legible.
For competitions reserved for players who are 11 years of age or less, they may use
boules that weigh 600 grams and are 65mm in diameter provided that they are made
under one of the approved labels.
4) They must not be lead or sand filled. As a general rule, the boules must not be
tampered with in any way, nor altered or modified after machining by the approved
manufacturer. Importantly, re-tempering of the boules in order to modify the hardness
applied by the manufacturer is forbidden.
However, the player's name and forename (or initials) may be engraved on them, as well as
various logos, initials and acronyms, conforming to the manufacturer's specification.


Article 2a - Penalties for irregular boules
Any player guilty of breaking the above condition (4) is immediately disqualified from the
competition together with his or her partners.
If a boule not "tampered with" but worn, or of defective manufacture, does not pass the official
examination successfully, or does not comply with the norms set out in paragraphs (1), (2) and (3)
above, the player must change it. He or she may also change the set.
Complaints relating to these three paragraphs and made by players are admissible only before the
start of a game. It is in the interests of the players, therefore, to ensure that their boules and those
of their opponents comply with the above rules.
Complaints relating to (4) are admissible at any time during the game, but they must be made
between ends. However, from the third end onwards, if a complaint made about the boules of an
opponent is proved to be unfounded, 3 points will be added to the score of the opponent.
The Umpire or the Jury may, at any time, require examination of the boules of one or several
players.


Article 3 - Approved jacks
Jacks are made of wood, or of a synthetic material bearing the manufacturer's mark and having
obtained the FIPJP's approval in line with the precise specification relating to the required
standards.
Their diameter must be 30mm (tolerance: + or - lrnm),
Painted jacks are authorised, but at no time must the jack be capable of being picked up with a
magnet.


Article 4 - Licences
Before the start of a competition, each player must present his or her licence. He or she must also
present it after any request by the Umpire, or by an opponent, unless it has been retained at the
Control Table.